Typical development occurs in the following 5 major areas:
• Gross motor: using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk, run, etc., keeping balance, and changing positions.
• Fine motor: using hands to be able to eat, draw, dress, play, write, and do many other things.
• Language: speaking, using body language and gestures, communicating, and understanding what others say.
• Cognitive: Thinking skills: including learning, understanding, problem-solving, reasoning, and remembering.
• Social: Interacting with others, having relationships with family, friends, and teachers, cooperating, and responding to the feelings of others.
Developmental milestones are the things that most children begin to do at a certain age. Your child’s doctor uses milestones to help check and follow your child’s development. Every child is unique and typical development can occur within a wide range.
The development of language begins as an infant. Delays in speech or language have a significant effect on social and academic skills and behavior. Early speech and language intervention can help children be more successful with reading, writing, schoolwork, and social skills.
It is estimated that fifteen percent of the U.S. population, or one in seven Americans,
has some type of learning disability. Difficulty with basic reading and language skills are the most common learning disabilities. As many as 80% of students with learning disabilities have reading problems.
Parents are often the first to notice the signs that their children have learning problems. Some of the signs may be apparent as early as preschool age while others may become more defined in middle or high school when learning becomes more complex. Parents who suspect learning disabilities should speak to teachers and other school staff and ask that their child be evaluated.
Common Learning Disabilities:
Dyslexia – a language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words. It may also be referred to as reading disability or reading disorder.
Dyscalculia – a mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.
Dysgraphia – a writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or write within a defined space.
Auditory and Visual Processing Disorders – sensory disabilities in which a person has difficulty understanding language despite normal hearing and vision.
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities – a neurological disorder which originates in the right hemisphere of the brain, causing problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organizational, evaluative and holistic processing functions. Find out more about nonverbal learning disabilities: http://www.nldontheweb.org/
Learn the Signs of a Learning Disability: http://www.ldonline.org/ldbasics/signs