Community-based living means having a life in the community rather than in an institution. The idea of community-based living has resulted in the closure of institutions across the United States. It has been supported by significant legislation at the federal level, including most recently, the Olmstead Decision.
The Olmstead Decision
The Olmstead Decision concluded that under Title II of the American with Disabilities Act (ADA), all states are required to place persons with mental disabilities in community settings rather than institutions.
What are Community Based Services?
- Community-based services are supports that are provided for people with disabilities in their own homes and communities.
- Community-based services may include the following:
- Residential services including supervised apartments, group homes family homes and host homes.
- Personal assistance services.
- Support coordination and an individualized plan.
- Day programs, including placement in activity centers and adult skills programs.
- Vocational services, including supported employment programs, job training and placement, and job coaching.
- Other community services, such as recreation, leisure, and transportation.